Sunday, December 16, 2012

HORMONAL DISEASES & TESTS (Part-2)



Diseases due to increased Pituitary hormone:


·       Hyperprolactinaemia
·       Acromeglay
·       Cushing’s disease.

Pituitary hormone,Pituitary gland
       Tests:
·       Random Serum Prolactin
·       GTT(For Acromegaly)
·       Dexamethasone Suppression Test (For Cushing’s syndrome)



Disease due to reduced Pituitary Hormone:

·        Hypopituitarism
 Tests:
·        Short ACTH Stimulation test
·        Insulin tolerance test
·        Serum testosterone
·        LH Level estimation
·        FSH Level estimation
·        Serum Thyroxin
·        Growth Hormone
                         ·        Water Deprivation Test.


Adrenal Gland:
Adrenal Gland

            Diseases due to increased hormone:
 
·       Cushing’s Syndrome
·       Hyperaldosteronism
·       Pheochromocytoma
Adrenal Hormone, Cushing's syndrome

      Tests:
·       Low dose Dexamethasone Suppression test or
·       24 hours urinary cortisone estimation



 Diseases due to reduced hormone:

·       Addison’s Disease
·       Congenital Adrenal hyperplasia
·       Hypopituitarism
       Tests:
·       Plasma Cortisol Level
·       Short Synacthen test (ACTH stimulation test)







Thyroid Gland:
Thyroid gland



     Disease due to increased hormone:

·       Hyperthyroidism
           Tests:
·       Plasma TSH, T3, T4 estimation
    Disease due to reduced hormone: 

·       Hypothyroidism
           Tests:
·       Plasma TSH, T4 estimation



Also by testing blood for hormones level & other examination, disease associated with Increased or reduced hormones can be detected.




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